Testicular cancer affects one in 263 men in their lifetimes, and the risk of dying of the disease is one in 5,000. The low death rates for this kind of cancer are largely thanks to early detection. Performing monthly self-exams plays a central role in early detection of the disease, as does being aware of the symptoms. If you are concerned that you could have the symptoms of testicular cancer, request a physician referral for an exam as soon as possible. Here is a look at some of the potential signs of this disease.
Frequently, men who have testicular cancer are diagnosed after finding a lump in or on a testicle. In most cases these lumps are painless, though occasionally, they can be tender. If you discover a lump, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have testicular cancer, but it does mean that it should be evaluated by a physician. Your physician may order a biopsy of the lump to see if it contains cancerous tissue.
Testicular cancer may in some cases affect hormone levels and cause a decrease in testosterone or an increase in hormones that cause breast tissue to grow. When this occurs, it may cause men to develop breasts or to experience soreness in the area of the breast. Young boys who have testicular cancer may also have a hormonal imbalance that leads to early puberty. These hormonal effects are rare, but if you notice these symptoms, your physician should determine the cause.
In most cases, testicular cancer is painless, but some men experience aching pains in their lower backs, abdomens and groins. Men with testicular cancer sometimes describe a heavy, full feeling in their scrotums that can also indicate a tumor.
At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center , we offer comprehensive cancer treatments and a dedicated unit for cancer patients. To learn more about oncology services at our hospital in Las Vegas or to request a physician referral, please call (702) 233-5300.