Finding out that you or someone you love has breast cancer is scary. There are so many questions you may have about the disease and the future, from what causes breast cancer in the first place to what treatment options are available. Your physician and multidisciplinary team of care providers will assist you every step of the way as you make decisions for you and your family. Here are the answers to questions that many people have after a breast cancer diagnosis.
What causes breast cancer?
There is no single cause for breast cancer, but there are some things that physicians believe could contribute to the disease in some cases. These include:
- A family history of breast cancer
- Dense breast tissue
Not everyone who has these risk factors will get breast cancer, and not everyone with breast cancer has these risk factors. Often, the cause of the disease is unknown.
What kind of treatment will I need?
There are many different treatments available for breast cancer, so the right one for you depends on multiple factors, including the stage of the disease, age, general health history, and preferences. Some of the treatments that are used for breast cancer include:
Your physician will review the pros and cons of each treatment plan with you and help you understand what to expect in terms of side effects and other facets of the care you are receiving. Keep in mind that there are many healthcare providers who can help with issues such as side effects, financial concerns, and emotional support during treatment.
Can breast cancer be prevented?
It is not possible to completely prevent breast cancer, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk. Get mammograms to screen for breast cancer on a schedule recommended by your physician, and make sure your doctor knows if you have a history of breast cancer in your family. Maintain a healthy weight and avoid smoking or drinking excessively, which both contribute to multiple kinds of cancer.
If you or a loved one is diagnosed with cancer, Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center, The Breast Center and oncology team members are here to provide cutting-edge care in a compassionate environment. For a referral to a cancer specialist in Las Vegas, call (702) 233-5300.
Testicular cancer affects one in 263 men in their lifetimes, and the risk of dying of the disease is one in 5,000. The low death rates for this kind of cancer are largely thanks to early detection. Performing monthly self-exams plays a central role in early detection of the disease, as does being aware of the symptoms. If you are concerned that you could have the symptoms of testicular cancer, request a physician referral for an exam as soon as possible. Here is a look at some of the potential signs of this disease.
Frequently, men who have testicular cancer are diagnosed after finding a lump in or on a testicle. In most cases these lumps are painless, though occasionally, they can be tender. If you discover a lump, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have testicular cancer, but it does mean that it should be evaluated by a physician. Your physician may order a biopsy of the lump to see if it contains cancerous tissue.
Testicular cancer may in some cases affect hormone levels and cause a decrease in testosterone or an increase in hormones that cause breast tissue to grow. When this occurs, it may cause men to develop breasts or to experience soreness in the area of the breast. Young boys who have testicular cancer may also have a hormonal imbalance that leads to early puberty. These hormonal effects are rare, but if you notice these symptoms, your physician should determine the cause.
In most cases, testicular cancer is painless, but some men experience aching pains in their lower backs, abdomens and groins. Men with testicular cancer sometimes describe a heavy, full feeling in their scrotums that can also indicate a tumor.
At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center , we offer comprehensive cancer treatments and a dedicated unit for cancer patients. To learn more about oncology services at our hospital in Las Vegas or to request a physician referral, please call (702) 233-5300.
Cancer prevention is important for everyone, because anyone can be affected by it. For women who are busy juggling the demands of work and family, it’s often difficult to find the time to put their own health first, but leading a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of these deadly diseases. If you’re ready to focus on your wellness, consider speaking with a physician at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center in Las Vegas. You can also watch this featured video to hear one of our OB/GYN specialists discuss the simple changes women can make to prevent cancer.
Compelling evidence points to the importance of a physically active lifestyle for cancer prevention. Specifically, individuals who exercise regularly may be at a lower risk of breast, endometrial, and colon cancer. It’s thought that the benefits of exercise that directly contribute to lower cancer rates include better hormonal balance, weight maintenance, improved immune function, and reduced systemic inflammation.
Did you know that lung cancer is responsible for more cancer-related deaths among women than any other type? Smoking, secondhand smoke, and tobacco residue are the most common causes of lung cancer. It isn’t enough to avoid smoking yourself. It’s also necessary to ban everyone else from smoking in your home or vehicle.
Excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of breast, esophageal, mouth, and colorectal cancers. More research is needed in this area, but it’s thought that one possible reason for the increased risk of breast cancer among heavy drinkers is the effect of alcohol on estrogen levels. Physicians generally recommend that women consume no more than one alcoholic beverage daily, if they drink at all.
Beware of UV Light
Skin cancer is an often-overlooked threat, but more American women are diagnosed with skin cancers than breast cancer. It only takes a few minutes to cover exposed skin with liberal amounts of sunscreen. Remember to bring a bottle of sunscreen with you and reapply it every couple of hours. Instead of tanning, consider using sunless tanning lotions.
The oncologists at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center provide an unsurpassed level of patient care, including specialized cancer care for women in The Breast Center . At our hospital in Las Vegas, we firmly believe in the importance of prevention, which is why we offer genetic counseling and extensive patient education. You can request a physician referral by calling (702) 233-5300.