Hemophilia is one of many types of blood clotting disorders. It’s a serious, but rare disorder that can lead to excessive blood loss. However, thanks to modern medicine, hemophilia is also treatable. Patients can always find the answers to their questions about medical issues at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. Our physicians are committed to providing helpful patient education and patient-centered care.
Who can get hemophilia?
Hemophilia is not a contagious disease. It’s an inherited disorder that is caused by a genetic mutation.
Hemophilia is more often diagnosed in males than females. Girls can be carriers of the genetic mutation, but not necessarily have the disorder themselves.
What happens to patients with hemophilia?
People with hemophilia don’t have enough blood-clotting proteins. This means that they are susceptible to excessive blood loss when they are injured.
Hemophilia can vary in severity, depending on the amount of blood-clotting proteins, or clotting factors, that are present in the bloodstream. The lower the level, the worse the bleeding can get.
For example, patients with mild hemophilia might not have much of a problem with small cuts and scrapes, although internal bleeding is still dangerous. Patients with severe hemophilia may suffer spontaneous bleeding.
Patients with hemophilia may experience complications, such as chronic joint pain if bleeding occurs in the joints. If bleeding occurs in the brain, patients may suffer from seizures or paralysis. Excessive blood loss may also lead to death.
How is hemophilia diagnosed?
Since hemophilia is inherited, individuals will often be aware of a family history of this blood clotting disorder. Upon becoming parents, these individuals can request testing of newborns.
It’s also possible for a child to have hemophilia caused by a new gene mutation, which isn’t found in other family members. In these cases, the symptoms of the patient will lead the physician to suspect hemophilia.
How is hemophilia treated?
The standard treatment for hemophilia is to give patients infusions of blood-clotting factor. Patients can self-administer these infusions when bleeding episodes occur. In some cases, the physician may recommend regular use of infusions to lower the occurrence rate of bleeding episodes.
Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center is a state-of-the-art facility serving Las Vegas. In addition to treating blood clotting disorders, our highly trained physicians provide specialized stroke care and other emergency care services. Call (702) 233-5300 any time of the day or night to speak with one of our registered nurses.
Neurosurgeons are highly trained specialists who diagnose and treat conditions that affect the brain or spine, such as stroke and brain tumors . You can hear directly from a neurosurgeon when you watch the accompanying video. Neurosurgery can be quite complex and delicate, which is why patients prefer to go to a hospital with a reputation for excellence in neuroscience. Nevada Neurosciences Institute at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center is the only dedicated center for neurological care in the Las Vegas region. Each of our patients receives world-class treatment and compassionate, personalized care.
When you have suffered a stroke
The outcome of a stroke is highly dependent upon the length of time between its onset and when the patient receives stroke care. Emergency responders will coordinate with the emergency care staff, so that the stroke care team is ready to evaluate and treat the patient immediately upon arrival.
The majority of strokes are ischemic, which means that they are caused by an obstruction that interferes with blood flow to the brain. If the patient gets to the hospital quickly enough, the doctors can use powerful clot-busting drugs to restore blood flow. In some cases, a neurosurgery team must perform interventional surgery to manually remove the obstruction.
When you have a br
The uncontrolled growth of cells can result in the formation of a tumor. A neurosurgeon can treat tumors that arise in the brain. These tumors may be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Even noncancerous brain tumors may need to be treated to relieve symptoms and complications. Tumor treatment is particularly complex, and each treatment plan is tailored to the needs of the individual patient. A neurosurgeon may recommend stereotactic radiosurgery, which uses a precise, powerful beam of radiation to shrink the tumor.
When you ha
e a spinal disorder
Spinal disorders tend to be more common than brain disorders. Your primary care physician may refer you to a neurosurgeon if you have a spinal disorder such as the following:
Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center attracts top neurosurgeons with impeccable credentials because of our reputation for putting our patients first. Our neurosurgery team treats complex brain and spine disorders, taking a collaborative approach to give our patients the best possible outcomes. To request a physician referral, call a registered nurse in Las Vegas at (702) 233-5300.
The hip is a ball and socket joint, and most hip fractures occur just below the ball. Hip fractures are most often diagnosed among older adults with osteoporosis, but significant physical trauma can cause a broken hip in younger patients. When you arrive at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center with a suspected hip fracture, the emergency care team will evaluate you right away and explain what to expect next.
Deciding to perform orthopedic surgery
The majority of patients with a broken hip have surgery, as it typically offers the most favorable outcome. If your fracture is minor, or your overall health is too poor to withstand the rigors of surgery, you may be asked to undergo a period of strict bed rest instead. Your doctor may recommend that you recover in a long-term care facility, as close medical monitoring is needed due to the risk of complications from prolonged bed rest.
Patients who are expecting to have surgery may be asked to have the following in preparation for the procedure:
- Blood tests
- Chest X-rays
- Urine tests
Undergoing hip surgery
An orthopedic surgeon will determine the most appropriate surgical technique , based on the specifics of your fracture. You may have surgical plates and screws inserted to keep the bones aligned properly as they heal. Or, your surgeon may recommend a hip replacement procedure.
Recovering from a hip fracture and surgery
You can expect to remain in the hospital for a while during your initial recovery. Fairly soon, you’ll get started on physical and occupational therapy. You’ll learn how to move with assistive devices, like a walker or crutches, and you’ll learn how to do simple self-care tasks without straining the joint.
If you lack sufficient support at home, you may move from the hospital to a long-term care facility until you can adequately care for yourself. Throughout your recovery, you’ll work closely with rehabilitation specialists to regain your strength, balance and range of motion. It’s important to follow your rehab team’s exercise recommendations closely, as this is crucial for your full recovery.
At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center , you’ll find the region’s only CARF-accredited inpatient rehabilitation facility. Our orthopedic specialists encourage patients to take advantage of our multidisciplinary team of rehab experts to support a good outcome for joint surgery. Residents of the Las Vegas area can get in touch with a trusted member of our nursing staff at (702) 233-5300.
Some health problems can’t wait for a regular appointment with your doctor. If you think you need emergency care , don’t delay going to the hospital. But which one should you go to? Watch the accompanying video to hear from an emergency care expert at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. He explains that not all hospitals have the same resources. At Sunrise, patients have access to a full range of specialty services.
How to know when to drive to the ER
Some examples of medical emergencies that aren’t life-threatening include:
- Broken leg
- Sprained ankle
- Respiratory infection
- Food poisoning
- Moderate lacerations
- Moderate burn injuries
How to know which hospital to choose
In many cases, patients simply prefer to go to the closest emergency care center. However, a little research can make a big difference. For instance, HCA-affiliated hospitals are famous for having very short waiting times.
Additionally, you can check the hospital’s website for a list of their specialty medical services. If you’re a cancer patient and you’re experiencing potential complications of your disease or treatment, you would want to go to a hospital with an oncology unit. If you’re a diabetic with a potentially infected wound, you would want a hospital with a wound care program.
How to know when to call 911
Any injury or condition that you suspect might be life-threatening warrants a prompt call to 911. Some examples include:
- Heart attack
- Traumatic injury
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Pulmonary embolism
The emergency responders will coordinate your care for you. They may take you to the nearest emergency room, or they may take you straight to a hospital that offers specialty programs like cardiac care.
Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center provides superior emergency care to Las Vegas residents 24/7, every day of the year. Our team of specialists and nurses is dedicated to saving lives because we live and work in the same community as our patients. For non-emergent questions only, or for a physician referral, you can call a registered nurse at (702) 233-5300.