Hemophilia is one of many types of blood clotting disorders. It’s a serious, but rare disorder that can lead to excessive blood loss. However, thanks to modern medicine, hemophilia is also treatable. Patients can always find the answers to their questions about medical issues at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. Our physicians are committed to providing helpful patient education and patient-centered care.
Who can get hemophilia?
Hemophilia is not a contagious disease. It’s an inherited disorder that is caused by a genetic mutation.
Hemophilia is more often diagnosed in males than females. Girls can be carriers of the genetic mutation, but not necessarily have the disorder themselves.
What happens to patients with hemophilia?
People with hemophilia don’t have enough blood-clotting proteins. This means that they are susceptible to excessive blood loss when they are injured.
Hemophilia can vary in severity, depending on the amount of blood-clotting proteins, or clotting factors, that are present in the bloodstream. The lower the level, the worse the bleeding can get.
For example, patients with mild hemophilia might not have much of a problem with small cuts and scrapes, although internal bleeding is still dangerous. Patients with severe hemophilia may suffer spontaneous bleeding.
Patients with hemophilia may experience complications, such as chronic joint pain if bleeding occurs in the joints. If bleeding occurs in the brain, patients may suffer from seizures or paralysis. Excessive blood loss may also lead to death.
How is hemophilia diagnosed?
Since hemophilia is inherited, individuals will often be aware of a family history of this blood clotting disorder. Upon becoming parents, these individuals can request testing of newborns.
It’s also possible for a child to have hemophilia caused by a new gene mutation, which isn’t found in other family members. In these cases, the symptoms of the patient will lead the physician to suspect hemophilia.
How is hemophilia treated?
The standard treatment for hemophilia is to give patients infusions of blood-clotting factor. Patients can self-administer these infusions when bleeding episodes occur. In some cases, the physician may recommend regular use of infusions to lower the occurrence rate of bleeding episodes.
Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center is a state-of-the-art facility serving Las Vegas. In addition to treating blood clotting disorders, our highly trained physicians provide specialized stroke care and other emergency care services. Call (702) 233-5300 any time of the day or night to speak with one of our registered nurses.