What men need to know about prostate cancer
After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common type diagnosed in men. A diagnosis of any type of cancer is always alarming, but the good news is that prostate cancer tends to grow slowly in many cases. And with the superior oncology treatments available at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, many patients enjoy a favorable outcome.
The risk factors of prostate cancer
A man’s risk of prostate cancer may influence his doctor’s cancer screening recommendations. One of the most significant risk factors of prostate cancer is a man’s age. The risk increases after age 50, but most cases are diagnosed in men over 65.
Other risk factors of prostate cancer include the following:
- Having a family history of prostate cancer
- Having a personal history of exposure to Agent Orange
- Leading a sedentary lifestyle
- Eating a high-fat diet
- Being African-American
The health screenings for prostate cancer
The screening recommendations for prostate cancer are subject to periodic change. Because of this, and because a man’s personalized recommendations are unique, men may consider talking to their physicians about when and how often they should get screened.
A physician can perform a digital rectal exam , which involves palpating the prostate gland. This exam may sometimes allow the doctor to feel abnormalities such as lumps.
Another screening test for prostate cancer is a blood test that measures the level of a man’s prostate specific antigen (PSA). High PSA levels may sometimes indicate prostate cancer. However, high PSA levels can be caused by many other factors, including prostate infections and enlargement.
The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer
Early on, prostate cancer may not cause noticeable health issues. As the cancer slowly grows, the following urinary problems may develop:
- Frequent urination, including during the night
- Impaired ability to start the flow of urine
- Weakened urinary stream
- Painful urination
- Bloody urine
- Urinary incontinence
Other possible signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include erectile dysfunction, painful ejaculation and unexplainable back pain. Many other medical conditions can cause symptoms like these, but it’s still a good idea to consult a doctor when unusual changes in health develop.
Our accredited Cancer Care program provides much more than superior, state-of-the-art oncology services. At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center in Las Vegas, our dedicated oncology unit provides all the comforts of home for our valued patients and their families. You can request a physician referral by calling a registered nurse at (702) 233-5300.