Men’s Health Alert: Testicular Cancer Screening Guidelines

Testicular cancer refers to cancer that begins in the testes, which are male sex glands that are responsible for producing male hormones and sperm. Testicular cancer is not among the most common types of cancer and it has a high rate of remission. However, it’s still advisable for men of all ages throughout Las Vegas to be aware of the potential signs of testicular cancer to facilitate early treatment. If you’re concerned about your cancer risk, consider talking to a doctor at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center about screening tests that may be appropriate for you.

Screening Guidelines

Screening guidelines are issued by different organizations and these guidelines may not always give the same advice. Since every man’s health status and concerns are unique, it may be a good idea to speak with a physician for personalized recommendations. Routine self-exams and regular doctor-provided screenings for testicular cancer are not currently recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). However, the American Cancer Society recommends that doctors perform a testicular exam on men ages 20 and older during their routine physicals.

Signs and Symptoms

Men are generally advised to see their doctors if they notice any abnormal changes in the testicles . Testicular cancer can cause enlargement or swelling of the testicle, perhaps accompanied by a painless lump. Men may experience achiness in the groin or lower abdomen, pain in the scrotum or testicle, or the sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. In its later stages, testicular cancer may cause lower back pain. Rarely, men may develop gynecomastia.

Diagnostic Tests

Health screenings are tests or exams that are performed despite the absence of symptoms. In contrast, diagnostic tests may be performed after symptoms have developed. Men who report possible symptoms of testicular cancer may be asked to have blood tests and imaging tests, which may be followed by a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, residents of Las Vegas and the surrounding areas have access to a dedicated oncology unit with private rooms, a Cancer Resource Center, and American Cancer Society Patient Navigator. Our Cancer Care program is just one of the many specialty medical services you’ll find here; our hospital in Las Vegas also offers heart health services, stroke care, emergency care, and physician referrals to specialists. Call (702) 233-5300 to speak with a registered nurse about our hospital services.

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