Taking a Look at the Different Types of Brain Injuries

Serious brain damage can lead to death or severe functional impairments. Signs of obvious trauma such as serious bleeding, the loss of consciousness, mental confusion, stupor, or dizziness can all indicate a serious brain injury that requires emergency care. Families throughout the Las Vegas area can count on the emergency care services of Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center to quickly respond to traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). When you watch this featured video, you’ll hear a neurosurgeon at our community hospital explain the focus of treatment for brain trauma.


Patients may develop brain contusions due to direct blows or impacts to the head. This type of brain injury refers to bruising and bleeding on the brain. In severe cases, the patient may require surgery to remove the hematoma.


Concussions are perhaps the most well-known types of brain injuries. This type of TBI may involve a closed or open head injury and may stem from many different traumatic events, such as sports injuries, falls, and car crashes. A concussion occurs when the head is subjected to a sudden change in movement or a sudden impact, which can inflict damage on the cranial nerves and stretch the blood vessels. A concussion may result in temporary or permanent brain damage.

Penetrating Injury

As the term suggests, a penetrating brain injury occurs when an object forcefully protrudes through the skull. Most often, these are the result of gunshots, knife wounds, broken glass, or other very sharp objects.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shaken Baby Syndrome is a criminal offense committed against a young child. This violent act involves the aggressive shaking of a baby or a child, which causes dangerous movement of the brain within the skull and requires emergency care. Brain injury, ruptured blood vessels, and the swelling and compression of brain cells can result in death, seizures, coma, or lifelong disability.

If you or a loved one has sustained a brain injury in the Las Vegas area, please call 911 immediately for transportation to the emergency care team at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. The Nevada Neurosciences Institute at Sunrise is the area’s only dedicated neurosciences center for the treatment of complex brain diseases and injuries. If you have non-emergent inquiries, you can call our Consult-A-Nurse physician referral line at (702) 233-5300.

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