• Taking a Look at the Different Types of Brain Injuries

    Serious brain damage can lead to death or severe functional impairments. Signs of obvious trauma such as serious bleeding, the loss of consciousness, mental confusion, stupor, or dizziness can all indicate a serious brain injury that requires emergency care. Families throughout the Las Vegas area can count on the emergency care services of Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center to quickly respond to traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). When you watch this featured video, you’ll hear a neurosurgeon at our community hospital explain the focus of treatment for brain trauma.

    Contusion

    Patients may develop brain contusions due to direct blows or impacts to the head. This type of brain injury refers to bruising and bleeding on the brain. In severe cases, the patient may require surgery to remove the hematoma.

    Concussion

    Concussions are perhaps the most well-known types of brain injuries. This type of TBI may involve a closed or open head injury and may stem from many different traumatic events, such as sports injuries, falls, and car crashes. A concussion occurs when the head is subjected to a sudden change in movement or a sudden impact, which can inflict damage on the cranial nerves and stretch the blood vessels. A concussion may result in temporary or permanent brain damage.

    Penetrating Injury

    As the term suggests, a penetrating brain injury occurs when an object forcefully protrudes through the skull. Most often, these are the result of gunshots, knife wounds, broken glass, or other very sharp objects.

    Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Shaken Baby Syndrome is a criminal offense committed against a young child. This violent act involves the aggressive shaking of a baby or a child, which causes dangerous movement of the brain within the skull and requires emergency care. Brain injury, ruptured blood vessels, and the swelling and compression of brain cells can result in death, seizures, coma, or lifelong disability.

    If you or a loved one has sustained a brain injury in the Las Vegas area, please call 911 immediately for transportation to the emergency care team at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. The Nevada Neurosciences Institute at Sunrise is the area’s only dedicated neurosciences center for the treatment of complex brain diseases and injuries. If you have non-emergent inquiries, you can call our Consult-A-Nurse physician referral line at (702) 233-5300.

  • What Should I do if I Think I’m Having a Stroke?

    In most cases, stroke occurs when a blood clot obstructs circulation to the brain. Stroke may also occur due to bleeding on the brain, such as from a ruptured aneurysm. Regardless of the cause, every stroke is a serious medical emergency. If you think that you or someone else might require emergency care for a stroke, it’s imperative to call 911 immediately. The stroke care team at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center urges families throughout Las Vegas not to wait to call for emergency care if stroke symptoms develop.

    Calling for Emergency Help

    The signs of stroke include sudden paralysis, weakness, or loss of sensation on one side of the body. You might also have trouble speaking, which may be problematic when calling for emergency care. The physician featured in this video strongly recommends that people who are at risk of stroke, such as the elderly, wear a medical alert button at all times. He notes that many strokes occur during one’s sleep. A patient may not even realize that he or she has had a stroke until trying to get out of bed and falling down because a leg isn’t working. Pressing a medical alert button is an easy way to get emergency help even when you can’t reach a phone or cannot speak on the phone. If you do not have a medical alert button, try to use a landline if possible. Cellphones will not necessarily give the 911 dispatcher an accurate location.

    Lying Down

    While you’re waiting for help, the vascular neurology specialist featured in this video strongly recommends lying down. Lying down, propping the head up, and turning the head to one side may help reduce the possibility of further medical problems that can lengthen hospitalization and recovery time.

    Knowing What Not to Do

    It’s also important to know what not to do while waiting for emergency responders. Avoid taking anything by mouth, including food, drink, aspirin, or other medications. If the stroke is caused by a ruptured blood vessel, aspirin can worsen the problem.

    Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center is a Joint Commission Certified Primary Stroke Center that provides a continuum of stroke care—from rapid stabilization to inpatient and outpatient neuro-rehabilitation. You can read more about stroke care in Las Vegas on our website. If you require emergency care, please call 911 immediately; otherwise, you can request a physician referral by calling (702) 233-5300.

  • Safety Tips for Antibiotic Medications

    Many patients will be prescribed antibiotics at least once during their lifetime, perhaps after going to an emergency care department for a serious illness. They’re an essential tool in the fight against bacterial infections. Yet, even antibiotics have limitations. They cannot be used to treat a viral infection, for example, which is one reason why your emergency care physician might recommend an alternative treatment. If you are prescribed antibiotics, the healthcare providers of Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center will help you learn how to use them correctly.

    Dosage Instructions

    Before taking antibiotics, make sure that you understand the dosage instructions. Ask your physician or pharmacist if you need to take the medication with food. If you are instructed to take a dose at certain intervals, such as every four hours, ask for confirmation of how many pills daily this equals. If you have trouble reading the print on your medication bottle, you can ask the pharmacist to print a label with large type. It’s critically important to finish the full course of medication . Even if you start to feel better, you should take each dose until the medicine is gone.

    Patient Information

    While at the hospital, inform the doctor of your full medical history. This helps your doctor know if a particular antibiotic is safe for you to take. Let your physician know about any previous reactions to drugs, your current medications, and supplements, and your pregnancy or breastfeeding status, if applicable. If you take birth control pills, you may be advised to use a barrier method of protection because it’s possible that the effectiveness of your birth control pills will be diminished while taking antibiotics.

    Side Effects

    Antibiotics may cause some side effects. Call your doctor if you develop a rash or severe itching. If you have trouble breathing, seek emergency care. More common side effects can include stomach upset, diarrhea, and vaginal yeast infections. Taking over-the-counter probiotics can reduce the chances of yeast infections.

    At the emergency care unit at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center , we are committed to protecting patient health while remaining mindful of the dangers of antibiotic resistance. If you have general questions about our community hospital in Las Vegas, you can speak with a registered nurse at (702) 233-5300. Or, visit us on the Web to learn more about our service lines, including our stroke care and heart hospital.

  • How to Prevent Dog Bite Injuries in Your Neighborhood

    In the U.S., millions of people are victims of dog attacks each year, and a high percentage of those dog bites become infected. Children are at a particularly high risk of sustaining dog bites, in part because they’re still learning the proper ways to interact with known and unknown dogs. If your child or other loved one requires emergency care for a dog bite , Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center in Las Vegas is available 24/7.

    Protecting Young Children

    Preventing dog bites in young children begins with educating them about safe ways of interacting with dogs-and of course, giving them frequent reminders. Many dog bites happen in the home. If your household includes a small child and one or more dogs, separation is critical. Use baby gates to prevent small children from playing with the dogs while unsupervised. When supervising playtime with dogs and small children, teach the kids to pet very gently and to avoid pulling on the tail or fur. In fact, they should avoid petting altogether if the dog isn’t interested in it. Remember that even the gentlest of dogs can bite if they feel threatened or cornered. Additionally, remind kids of all ages to never approach a strange dog while playing outdoors.

    Preventing a Dog Attack

    Adults and children can learn the proper body language to use when an unfamiliar dog approaches. It’s best to remain still and avoid making loud noises. You can also turn your body slightly; dogs may feel threatened when a human faces them directly. Avoid making direct eye contact with the dog. Using a firm voice, say “No” or “Go home.” Wait until the dog backs away before moving.

    Responding to an Attack

    If a dog attacks, avoid running away. Instead, put any available object between you and the dog, such as a trash can, bicycle, handbag, or jacket. If the dog knocks you over, curl up and tuck in your head. Place your hands over your head and ears to protect them. Seek emergency care if you are bitten to prevent an infection.

    Emergency care for animal bites is just one of the many exceptional healthcare services you’ll find at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. Our community hospital in Las Vegas also provides sophisticated stroke care, comprehensive heart health services, and much more. To request a physician referral, you can speak with a registered nurse at (702) 233-5300.

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