• Important Questions to Ask Your Gynecologist

    If it’s time for your annual women’s health exam, you may be feeling slightly uncertain about what subjects you should bring up. However, you should never be afraid to ask your gynecologist any questions you may have about your health. If you are in need of a physician referral in Las Vegas for your healthcare needs, don’t hesitate to contact the friendly staff at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center . Here are some potential questions you might want to ask your gynecologist during your next visit:

    Why are my periods painful? If you suffer from heavy or painful periods, you should tell your gynecologist. Heavy bleeding can leave you feeling weak and fatigued, and it can also be a sign of an underlying health issue such as thyroid problems, a hormonal imbalance, or even tumors. Painful periods can be caused by endometriosis , a serious condition that can interfere with your ability to become pregnant.

    Why is my premenstrual syndrome so severe? An estimated 85 percent of all women experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS), a series of chronic symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle. If your PMS is disrupting your life, your gynecologist can recommend medications, therapies, or lifestyle changes. Particularly severe cases of PMS may be premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a condition that can cause extreme anxiety and depression.

    Why do I feel itchy? If you feel itchy in your vaginal area, you should bring it up with your gynecologist. Chronic itchiness can be the result of causes as simple as being irritated by a particular brand of soap, but they can also be your body’s way of warning you about a health problem such as a skin disorder, a sexually transmitted disease, or even cancer. You should also be alert to any other changes you notice in your vaginal area, such as an unusual smell.

    When you visit Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center, you’ll find a complete range of state-of-the-art medical services, including specialty women’s health care, maternity care, and the only comprehensive breast center in southern Nevada. You can call (702) 233-5300 to speak with a registered nurse at our community hospital and to request a physician referral. If you would like to learn more about our services and amenities, visit our website.

  • Knowing the Risks of Untreated Chronic Heartburn

    The opening between the bottom of the esophagus and the top of the stomach usually closes after food enters the stomach. However, in some people, this opening fails to close completely. This means that stomach acid can travel upward into the esophagus, resulting in heartburn. If you experience persistent heartburn, you may have a condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Patients with GERD can explore their treatment options at a community hospital, such as Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center of Las Vegas. If left untreated, GERD may lead to serious complications.


    Esophagitis refers to the inflammation and irritation of the esophagus. Esophagitis may involve symptoms such as chest pain and painful, difficult swallowing. If left untreated, esophagitis can increase the risk of other complications such as esophageal scarring and stricture.

    Esophageal Stricture

    If scar tissue develops in the esophagus, this tube-like structure becomes narrower. This is referred to as esophageal stricture. You may have esophageal stricture if you experience painful swallowing, difficult swallowing, regurgitation of food, or unintentional weight loss.

    Barrett’s Esophagus

    Having untreated GERD is a significant risk factor of Barrett’s esophagus. This condition is characterized by the replacement of esophageal tissue with tissue that is similar to the cells found in the stomach lining. Many people with Barrett’s esophagus either do not experience any symptoms or they experience the symptoms of GERD . Barrett’s esophagus can increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

    Esophageal Cancer

    There are two primary types of esophageal cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma develops in the squamous cells of the esophagus and adenocarcinoma develops in the gland cells. Esophageal cancer does not typically cause symptoms right away. As the disease progresses, patients may experience painful or difficult swallowing, chest pain, coughing, hoarseness, and weight loss.

    You can attain relief from chronic heartburn by seeking treatment at the Heartburn Center at Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center. Our community hospital in Las Vegas provides the latest in GERD treatment such as lifestyle counseling, drug therapy, and minimally invasive surgery—including the latest innovation in GERD treatment, the LINX Reflux Management Device. Contact our Consult-A-Nurse physician referral line at (702) 233-5300 or visit our website to explore our service lines, including heart care, stroke care, and emergency care.

  • How Is Epilepsy Treated?

    Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by the disruption of nerve cell activity in the brain, which results in seizures. Seizures can cause many different symptoms, including unusual sensations, emotions, and behavior, in addition to convulsions and loss of consciousness. If you’ve been diagnosed with epilepsy in the Las Vegas area, you can obtain a physician referral at Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center. Here, you’ll have access to sophisticated treatment options , including surgical procedures.


    Typically, the first type of treatment an epilepsy patient will try is medication. Medications can help reduce the frequency and severity of seizures. Some people may only need one type of medication, while others may need a combination of drugs. A neurologist will carefully evaluate your response to the medication and adjust it until he or she finds the right type and dosage for you. Some examples of anti-epileptic medications include:

    • Carbamazepine
    • Ethosuximide
    • Gabapentin
    • Lamotrigine
    • Phenytoin
    • Primidone
    • Oxcarbazepine

    It’s important to follow your doctor’s dosage instructions carefully and to avoid discontinuing anti-epileptic medications until your doctor tells you it’s alright to do so.


    Depending on the area of the brain involved with the seizures, you may be a good candidate for a surgical procedure. One option is a lobectomy, which is the removal of the part of the brain responsible for causing the seizures. If the part of the brain that causes the seizures is not removable, a neurosurgeon may recommend multiple subpial transection. This involves cutting along the nerve pathway. Other options include implanting devices under the skin. An implanted vagus nerve stimulator transmits electric impulses to the brain through the vagus nerve. A responsive neurostimulator monitors the brain’s electrical activity and uses electrical stimulation to prevent seizures.

    The Epilepsy Center is the only clinic of its kind in Nevada that provides a comprehensive array of specialized services, including neuropsychological testing, surgical treatment of epilepsy, structural brain imaging, an epilepsy monitoring unit, and others—all overseen by our dedicated Chief Epileptologist. At Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center of Las Vegas, it’s our mission to help patients with epilepsy reclaim their lives through enhanced seizure management. Call our Consult-A-Nurse service at (702) 233-5300 to request a physician referral or to inquire about our other medical service lines, including emergency care, stroke care, and heart care.

  • What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). It is a chronic disease characterized by the inflammation and deterioration of the myelin sheath, which covers the nerve fibers of the spinal cord and brain. This, along with the damage inflicted on the underlying nerve, interferes with the transmission of electrical signals from the CNS to the rest of the body. The symptoms of MS can vary widely from patient to patient. Some symptoms, such as visual disturbances and personality changes, may be severe enough to send the patient to the emergency care department. Although MS is currently incurable, the neurology specialists at Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center can help patients manage their symptoms.

    Most Common Symptoms

    A person’s MS symptoms can change over time . Some people may experience many symptoms, while others only report having a few of them. The most common symptoms of MS include fatigue and other problems that can contribute to walking difficulties, such as:

    • Muscle weakness
    • Muscle spasticity
    • Numbness
    • Tingling
    • Poor coordination
    • Impaired balance

    Patients may have dizziness, impaired vision, pain with eye movement, paralysis, bladder problems, and bowel problems. Additionally, MS symptoms may include confusion, memory loss, sexual dysfunction, depression, and impaired concentration.

    Less Common Symptoms

    It is possible, although less common, for patients with MS to report breathing problems, headaches, hearing loss, tremors, and seizures. Other less common symptoms of MS may include:

    • Speech problems (dysarthria and dysphonia)
    • Swallowing problems (dysphagia)
    • Pruritis (itching and “pins and needles” sensation)

    Secondary Symptoms

    Secondary symptoms are not caused by the disease itself; rather, they are the complications that may occur because of the primary symptoms. These might include pressure ulcers, which can be caused by paralysis. Problems with physical movement may also cause disuse weakness, decreased bone density, and the loss of muscle tone. If bladder dysfunction occurs, the patient may suffer from repeated urinary tract infections.

    The Multiple Sclerosis Clinic at Nevada Neurosciences Institute provides extensive patient and family education, a monthly support group with a neurologist, and ongoing research initiatives to facilitate new medication development for individuals with MS. If you would like a physician referral, you can contact Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center of Las Vegas at (702) 233-5300. Our community hospital is also pleased to provide exceptional emergency care, stroke care, and heart health services.