What Are the Treatment Options for Colon Cancer?

When you follow a recommended schedule for colon cancer screening, you can expect an early diagnosis of the disease, which will make it highly treatable with a high rate of survival. Surgery and radiation therapy are the two primary treatment modalities for colon cancer, though chemotherapy may be necessary when the cancer is no longer localized in later stages. If you have been diagnosed with colon cancer, you might expect to discuss each of these treatment options in more detail with your oncologist. Below, you can get a general overview of each treatment to help you prepare for your cancer care.


In the earliest stage of colon cancer , when tumors have not grown beyond the inner lining of the colon, the cancer may be removed during a colonoscopy using specialized tools attached to the colonoscope. More developed but still early stage cancers are also treatable through surgery alone, though the procedure will be more complex with partial removal and resection of the colon. With every surgical procedure for colon cancer, a minimally invasive laparoscopic or robotic approach will be considered, because these methods can reduce surgical risks and improve accuracy. In the video above, you can hear a Sunrise Hospital physician discuss the benefits of these procedures as well as the differences between them.

Radiation Therapy

Following surgical care for colon cancer, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy, which works by preventing the reproduction of cancer cells and killing cancer cells that may be left behind after surgery. Radiation therapy may also be considered as an alternative to surgery for patients who are not well enough to undergo surgical procedures.


When colon cancer has spread to the lymph system and other organs, chemotherapy is often the best line of treatment, because it will target cancer cells throughout the body. Surgery may be avoided at this stage, or it might be used exclusively to relieve symptoms of the disease.

A cancer diagnosis can be a scary event, but the physicians of Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center will work to provide you with the most complete care and support . To get a physician referral with us or explore our cancer care services in-depth, call (702) 233-5300 to speak with a registered nurse anytime, 24/7.

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