Is Prostate Cancer Testing the Right Decision for Your Health?
After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common kind of cancer in men in the US. Although it can strike any male at any age, it’s most likely to occur in men over 50, men of African-American descent, and those with a family history of the disease. Your Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center physician can help you weigh your risk factors and make decisions about prostate cancer testing. As you consider your options, these facts will also help.
Digital Rectal Exam
During a digital rectal exam , your doctor will check your lower rectum for any signs of enlargement or lumps in your prostate. During the exam, your doctor will first examine the outside of the anus and then insert a gloved finger into your rectum, using lubrication. He or she will gently examine the area to look for signs of prostate issues. The test may cause mild discomfort, but the exam is over quickly. Your doctor will use the results to determine if further testing is necessary.
Prostate-Specific Antigen Test
The prostate-specific antigen test, or PSA test, measures the level of PSA in the bloodstream. PSA is made by the prostate gland, and its levels get higher in men with prostate cancer. However, high PSA levels don’t always indicate prostate cancer. They can also be linked to prostate inflammation or infection or a condition called benign prostate hyperplasia. High levels of PSA in the blood usually mean that a prostate biopsy should be done. In many cases, doctors combine digital rectal exams and PSA tests for more effective screening.
Should you be screened for prostate cancer? Talk to your Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center doctor to find out. In addition to our testing services, we also provide treatment for prostate cancer in our oncology department. From our stroke care to our heart hospital, you can trust our Las Vegas hospital for your family’s healthcare needs. Get more information by calling (702) 233-5300.