How to Know if You Have High Blood Pressure
When determining a person’s blood pressure, the reading is taken in a ratio of systolic over diastolic pressures. The systolic (top) number represents the pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries when the heart beats, and is the higher number in a healthy person. The diastolic (bottom) number represents the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats. In a healthy person, blood pressure is generally 120/80 or lower. A person is deemed hypertensive, or has an abnormally high blood pressure, when they are continuously measured at 140/90 or higher.
Although anyone is susceptible to high blood pressure, there are factors that can put you at a higher risk . You may have high blood pressure if you:
- Are a male or post-menopausal female
- Are of middle or advanced age
- Are overweight or obese
- Are a heavy drinker or cigarette smoker
- Take oral contraceptive (birth control) pills
- Participate in a sedentary lifestyle
- Have a family history of high blood pressure
- Eat a high-fat and high-sodium diet
- Are under continuous stress
- Have diabetes or kidney disease
To find out whether or not you have high blood pressure, consult with your physician and let him or her know about any factors that you possess that can increase your risk.
Once you have been diagnosed with this condition, you and your doctor can formulate a treatment plan to help you regain control of your health. Simple lifestyle modifications and prescription medications can both be effective in improving your blood pressure and cardiovascular health.
Blood pressure is at times referred to as a “silent killer,” as the condition rarely causes any symptoms and can result in severe health complications if left untreated. If you are in need of an experienced cardiovascular specialist in the Las Vegas area, look no further than Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center . Call our Consult-A-Nurse physician referral line today at (702) 233-5300 to find a doctor near you.