Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center
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What are the lasting effects of head trauma?

Head traumas are serious and unpredictable injuries. Getting emergency care as soon as possible after a trauma occurs is paramount. Delays in treatment could allow serious injuries to become worse. Fortunately, most people with head traumas recover within months of their injuries, but it is possible for residual effects to persist for years. Here is a look at some of the lasting impacts of head trauma.

Headaches
Headaches are common after head traumas. In most instances, headaches persist for a few days after the initial injury. It may be possible to control these symptoms with pain medications.

If your headache becomes more intense after a head trauma, return to the emergency room to ensure that no complications have developed.

Nausea
Many people experience nausea after a head injury occurs. The nausea may be accompanied by dizziness and vomiting. As with headaches, nausea usually clears up within a few days after the injury has occurred.

Nausea can be a symptom of a serious head trauma, even if the injury itself seemed minor. If nausea begins several days after a head trauma, seek emergency care. In some cases, symptoms can take time to develop when a head injury occurs.

Short-term memory loss
Short-term memory loss is one of the most frustrating complications experienced by people with head traumas. As stated in the video, but about two-thirds of people will recover from short-term memory loss within the first three of months after their injuries.

Of the remaining group, another two-thirds will recover their memories within the next three months. The small, remaining group of people may have short-term memory loss for years to come. It is difficult to predict who will suffer from memory loss for the longest.

If you experience head trauma, get emergency care in Las Vegas at Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center. In addition to providing urgent care when you need it, our emergency department is backed by the team at our Nevada Neurosciences Institute to ensure you receive the highest caliber of care possible for a head trauma. To learn more, call (702) 233-5300.

Heat stroke: Know the warning signs

Heat stroke is a medical emergency that requires urgent care. By knowing the symptoms, you can take action quickly if you or someone else is experiencing the signs. Without treatment, heat stroke can lead to long-term complications and loss of life, so don’t delay seeking emergency care if you notice these symptoms.

Hot, red skin
People with heat stroke typically have skin that feels hot to the touch and may look red. It usually is not sweaty but rather feels dry or only moderately damp. This is because of the extreme levels of dehydration experienced during heat stroke.

The feeling of the skin is often a telltale sign that someone is experiencing heat stroke rather than heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion causes cool, clammy skin.

Loss of consciousness
Loss of consciousness is a serious symptom that occurs with heat stroke. If someone loses consciousness, after calling 911, attempt to move him or her to a cooler place, if possible.

It can also be helpful to cool a person down using cool cloths or a cool bath. You should always avoid giving anything to drink to a person who may be suffering from heat stroke, but it’s crucial in the case of loss of consciousness. Even if the person wakes up, do not allow him or her to drink anything.

Strong, fast pulse
During heat stroke, blood pressure drops due to dehydration. In response, the heart beats faster and stronger in an attempt to compensate for the low blood pressure. This is particularly dangerous for people with pre-existing heart conditions.

This is another way in which heat stroke differs from heat exhaustion. The heart rate is fast but the pulse is weak with heat exhaustion.

When temperatures spike, Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center provides emergency care in Las Vegas around the clock for you and your family. To learn more about our emergency services or to request a physician referral , dial (702) 233-5300.

What's a healthy weight for women?

A woman’s weight can influence her risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and even breast cancer. It can also influence her quality of life and her socio-emotional health. But weight is just one number, and it can mean different things for different women. At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, our physicians are genuinely caring individuals who will work closely with you to help you achieve your health goals. Your plan for success may include a consultation with one of our highly trained bariatric surgeons.

Figuring out your body mass index

When you watch the accompanying video, you’ll hear from a bariatric surgeon at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center as he explains the criteria for determining whether someone is a good candidate for weight loss surgery.

The bariatric doctor will first determine your body mass index. Your BMI is a calculation that compares your height to your weight. You can also use an online BMI calculator to figure out your number.

Evaluating your body mass index

You can compare your BMI to the ranges below.

  • Below 18.5: Underweight
  • 18.5 to 24.9: Normal weight
  • 25 to 29.9: Overweight
  • 30 and above: Obese

If your BMI indicates that you have obesity, you may be a candidate for bariatric surgery, assuming that you’ve already tried multiple times to lose weight through diet and exercise. If your BMI indicates that you are overweight, consider speaking with your doctor about your lifestyle choices and medical conditions.

Understanding the limitations of the BMI chart

It’s important to keep in mind that your BMI is just one number. Your physician will take a “big picture” approach to your health by evaluating all of your vital statistics and your full health history. If you’re a muscle-bound athlete, then you could have a high BMI without being considered overweight or obese.

Identifying your health risks

Based on your BMI and other health numbers, your doctor can identify your health risks. If you are overweight or obese, and especially if you have other risk factors like a family history of certain diseases, then there may be an elevated risk of:

  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes

Knowing your numbers is one way you can become an informed and empowered patient. Self-knowledge can help you make proactive choices that improve your overall health and quality of life.

Partner with a physician at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center to work toward your health goals. Our modern medical facility in Las Vegas offers family medicine and specialty services, like bariatrics. You can request a physician referral by calling (702) 233-5300.

Answers to your questions about hepatitis

Your liver is a large, solid organ that produces bile for digestion, supports metabolism and filters toxins out of the bloodstream. One of the diseases that can affect the liver is viral hepatitis. Some patients develop mild hepatitis, but it’s also possible for this disease to lead to life-threatening complications. The U.S. recognizes May as Hepatitis Awareness Month. Consider talking to a doctor at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center about whether you should get tested for hepatitis.

What are the types of hepatitis?
Hepatitis is caused by a group of viruses, known as the hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses.

  • Hepatitis A: Usually spread by exposure to infected fecal matter or by anal sex with an infected partner. This type is usually mild and often resolves by itself within two months.
  • Hepatitis B: Spread by exposure to infected bodily fluids, including saliva, semen and vaginal fluids. It can also be spread during childbirth, while sharing needles or while sharing contaminated personal hygiene items.
  • Hepatitis C: Usually spread by contact with infected blood. It may require treatment to prevent complications.
  • Hepatitis D: Only develops in people with hepatitis B. It spreads through exposure to infected blood and via unprotected sex.
  • Hepatitis E: Not usually found in the U.S., but may affect international travelers. It spreads through contact with infected fecal matter.

Can hepatitis lead to other complications?
It’s possible for viral hepatitis to lead to long-term complications, but this depends on the specific virus. Hepatitis A doesn’t lead to chronic liver disease, but B and C might. Some patients may develop the following:

  • Liver fibrosis (scarring)
  • Liver cirrhosis (serious scarring)
  • Liver cancer

Should I get tested for hepatitis?
Only your doctor can determine if hepatitis testing is right for you. In general, screenings are recommended for:

  • Expecting mothers
  • Childcare workers
  • People in close contact with infected patients
  • People with multiple sexual partners
  • Those who use injected drugs
  • People with tattoos
  • Those with jobs that require close contact with bodily fluids
  • Certain international travelers

At Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, we’ve built a tradition of caring for our patients as if they were our own family. Residents of Las Vegas receive world-class care at our Digestive Health Institute and its Centers for Liver, Pancreas and Bile Duct. Call (702) 233-5300, and a friendly member of our nursing staff can provide a physician referral.


Is pregnancy possible for stroke survivors?

Stroke care teams primarily treat older adults who suffer this life-threatening condition. However, stroke can also affect younger individuals in their 20s and 30s. At any age, stroke can cause long-term health complications, such as muscle weakness and paralysis. It can also affect the health of an expecting mother and her unborn child. Pregnancy is indeed possible for stroke survivors, but there are risks women should be aware of. For patient-centered health guidance, couples in the Las Vegas area can turn to Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center.

Understanding the risks of post-stroke pregnancy
Stroke survivors are cautioned to closely follow a doctor-developed rehabilitation program to reduce the risk of a recurrent stroke. This is because stroke survivors are at a higher risk of suffering another one of these life-threatening events. For women who are pregnant, the risk increases further due to pregnancy-related complications, such as:

  • Gestational hypertension
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Bleeding after childbirth

In addition, survivors of stroke may be more likely to suffer a miscarriage.

Planning for a healthy pregnancy
Despite the risks, it’s still possible to have a healthy pregnancy. Women who desire pregnancy are strongly encouraged to speak with a physician about their health history during a preconception exam. The obstetrician may recommend consulting a neurologist and possibly a cardiologist, depending on the cause of the stroke.

Prior to trying for pregnancy, the patient’s lifestyle habits will be evaluated. All stroke survivors, especially women who desire children, are encouraged to make healthy lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of complications during pregnancy. These may include following a low-sodium diet and maintaining a healthy weight.

Exercise is also important for stroke survivors and women who wish to become pregnant. However, a physician should be consulted to make sure it’s safe for the patient to exercise. It’s possible that the expecting mother will need to go on modified bed rest at some point during the pregnancy to manage troubling conditions.

For superior care at all of life’s stages, your family can trust Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center . Our hospital in Las Vegas attracts highly trained physicians for our maternity and stroke care teams. Call our 24/7 nurse referral line at (702) 233-5300.

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